Narmada Valley Development Authority (NVDA), is an organization of Govt. of M.P.
constituted for planning water resources development in Narmada basin and expeditious
implementation of projects . NVDA was constituted vide notification No.
501-2-NVDA-XXVII-83 dtd 16-7-1985 was published in Madhya Pradesh Gazette dated 9 Aug'
The Narmada Valley Development Authority is a multidisciplinary organization of
the State Government and its head office is at Bhopal. The NVDA shall have jurisdiction
over the major water resources development projects in the Narmada Basin.
Narmada is the fifth largest river in India and largest west flowing
river of Indian peninsula originating from Maikala ranges at Amarkantak in Madhya Pradesh
at an elevation of 900 m . It flows westwards over a length of 1,312 km before draining
into the Gulf of Cambay, 50 km west of Bharuch city. The basin lies between east
longitudes 72° 32 and 81° 45' and north latitudes 21° 20' and 23° 45'. Vindhya hills
in the north, Satpura ranges in the south, Maikala ranges in the east and the Arabian sea
in the west form the boundaries of the basin. The basin has an elongated shape
almost like a thin ribbon with a maximum length of 953 km east to west and a maximum width
of 234 km north to south. The first 1,077 km of the river flows in Madhya Pradesh and the
next 35 km stretch of the river forms the boundary between the State of Madhya Pradesh and
Maharashtra. Again for the next 39 km, it forms the boundary between Maharashtra and
Gujarat. The last stretch of 161 km lies in Gujarat. Out of the total Catchment area of
about 1 Lakh sq. km 87% lies in Madhya Pradesh, 2% in Maharashtra and 11% in Gujarat.
Narmada River is known as the "Life
Line" of Madhya Pradesh. It originates in Amarkantak, District Shahdol and of its
total length of 1312 up to Arabian Sea, it runs for about 1112 km in the State of Madhya
Pradesh. 87% of Basin lies in Madhya Pradesh covering the Districts, Shahdol, Balaghat,
Rajnandgaon, Mandla, Seoni, Dindori, Katni, Jabalpur, Damoh, Sagar, Narsinghpur,
Chhindwara, Betul, Hoshangabad, Harda, Raisen, Sehore, Khandwa, Indore, Dewas , Khargone,
Dhar, Jhabua, & Barwani.
The annual utilisable quantity of water of
Narmada at Navagam, in Gujarat, was estimated to be 34.537 million cubic metre (MCM) 28
million acre feet, at 75% dependability by NWDT. On full development, the Narmada has a
potential of irrigating over 6 million ha (15 million acres) of land along with a capacity
to generate about 3,000 Mega Watt of hydro electric power.